Energy Performance Certificates

Hunt Roche - Energy Performance Certificates

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) is a document that provides information about the energy efficiency of a property. Here are the key requirements related to EPCs in the UK:

When is an EPC Required?

An EPC is required whenever a property is built, sold, or rented. It provides potential buyers or tenants with information about a property’s energy use and typical energy costs.


EPCs are valid for 10 years, so if you have one from a recent sale or rental, you may not need to obtain a new one.


It is the responsibility of the seller or landlord to provide an EPC. The certificate must be commissioned before the property is marketed.

EPC Ratings:

EPCs provide an energy efficiency rating from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient). The rating is based on factors such as insulation, heating systems, and windows.

EPC Assessment:

An accredited Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA) carries out the assessment. The assessor visits the property, takes measurements, and gathers information about the property’s construction and features.

Display of EPC Rating:

The EPC rating must be included in property advertisements when a property is marketed for sale or rent. This includes online and print advertisements.


The EPC will include recommendations for improving the property’s energy efficiency. While it’s not mandatory to carry out these recommendations, they can help improve the property’s rating.


Some properties are exempt from needing an EPC, such as listed buildings and certain types of temporary buildings. However, these exemptions are limited, and it’s essential to check specific criteria.

New Build Properties:

New build properties often come with a Predicted Energy Assessment (PEA) initially, and this is then replaced with a full EPC once the property is built.

Penalties for Non-Compliance:

Failure to provide an EPC when required can result in financial penalties. The amount of the penalty may vary depending on the type of property and the length of time the property has been without a valid EPC.

It’s important to note that EPC regulations can change, and it’s advisable to check with the relevant authorities or a qualified energy assessor for the latest requirements and guidance.

Contact our Offices for more help and advice.